Philanthropy » Overview

As transnational challenges multiply, philanthropy and investment are at an important crossroads. The convergence of worldwide need, rising global wealth, and rapid innovation has the potential to accelerate action to align financial flows with sustainable and inclusive development and a low-carbon future. Pioneering institutions and individuals have a pivotal role to play.  

Salzburg Global launched this multi-year initiative in 2008. The first phase addressed institutional frameworks, exploring the structures, policies and approaches needed to transform philanthropy and social investment and build collaboration for 21st century priorities. Progressively, the series of programs has engaged new players developing practices and structures to fit specific contexts and respond effectively to local needs. Growing dynamism in civil society, social entrepreneurship, and in-country or diaspora private sector development has dramatically expanded opportunities to create and fund strategies for systems change and community benefit.

2016 marks a turning point, after the adoption of new climate change goals and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development which is the shared responsibility of “all countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership.” As growth continues in institutional and private philanthropy and sustainable investment, there is major potential to catalyze social, economic and environmental transformation, and bring promising initiatives to scale for the public good. 

Salzburg Global’s multi-year series aims to accelerate the effectiveness of changemakers in philanthropy, investment and finance, focusing on ways to create an enabling environment, improve accountability and shape a new human narrative. 2016 sees the next phase of our collaboration with the Global Friends consortium, focused on philanthropic innovation to support transition to a climate-balanced economy and foster US-China collaboration to this end. 


Interviews and session coverage from our Philanthropy programs

South African Salzburg Global Fellow Bhekinkosi Moyo wins fourth Olga Alexeeva Memorial Prize
South African Salzburg Global Fellow Bhekinkosi Moyo wins fourth Olga Alexeeva Memorial Prize
Maria Chertok, Caroline Hartnell and Jenny Hodgson 
This article was originally published by Alliance magazine: http://www.alliancemagazine.org/news/south-africas-bhekinkosi-moyo-wins-fourth-olga-alexeeva-memorial-prize Salzburg Global Fellows can receive a discount on subscriptions to Alliance. Contact Fellowship Manager Jan Heinecke for more information. In a continent where philanthropy has long been marginalized, where very little infrastructure exists to support its development and there is little understanding of its role, Bheki Moyo has consistently promoted African philanthropy locally and globally. He has led and supported efforts on both the practical and theoretical aspects of it. Most recently, he was instrumental in setting up a Chair in African Philanthropy at South Africa’s Witwatersrand Business School. In choosing Bheki Moyo, the judges commented on ‘his broad and long-term contribution to African philanthropy, playing different roles and critically contributing to building African institutions and networks … dedicated to strengthening philanthropy in Africa and helping to create the potential to achieve progressive social change in a sustained manner’. Awarding the Olga Prize to Bheki Moyo is also a recognition that philanthropy should not be limited to the mobilization of private money, say the judges. Bheki has contributed greatly to building stronger participation and more horizontal processes around philanthropic efforts in Africa, both through his direct interventions and through his academic and knowledge achievements. This was not an easy decision, however. ‘The process for choosing a winner was particularly challenging given the diversity of candidates, experiences and approaches to philanthropy,’ said Andre Degenszajn, chair of the judges. The judges made clear how impressed they were by the commitment and remarkable records of all the finalists in their own fields and contexts. The other finalists were: • Neville Gabriel, Salzburg Global Fellow, executive director of the Other Foundation, and founding director of the Southern Africa Trust• Paul Bacher, founder of ORTJET and of the National Mentorship Movement, South Africa• Artemisa Castro, executive director of the Fund for Solidarity in Action, Mexico• Audrey Elster, executive director of South Africa’s RAITH Foundation, where she established the Social Justice Initiative• Laurence Lien, co-founder and CEO of the Asia Philanthropy Circle and former CEO of Singapore’s National Volunteer & Philanthropy Centre• Maria Amalia Souza, founder and director of CASA Socio-Environmental Fund, Brazil We too would like to congratulate Bheki Moyo and the other finalists. Each one of them would have made a wonderful winner. If you haven’t already done so, you can read all about their achievements in a special Alliance supplement. The prize will be presented at the Global Summit for Community Philanthropy, to be held 1-2 December in Johannesburg, South Africa, hosted by the Global Fund for Community Foundations. The prize winner and all the other finalists will be attending the Summit. Finally, we’d like to thank our judges for their dedication and hard work:• Atallah Kuttab, Salzburg Global fellow and SAANED for Philanthropy Advisory Services, Arab region• Janet Mawiyoo, Salzburg Global Fellow and of the Kenya Community Development Foundation• Amitabh Behar, National Foundation for India• Andre Degenszajn, GIFE, Brazil (chair)• Larisa Zelkova, Potanin Foundation, Russia Maria Chertok is director at CAF Russia, Caroline Hartnell is a consultant to Alliance, and Jenny Hodgson is executive director of Global Fund for Community Foundations.
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Beyond the Schloss Gates
Beyond the Schloss Gates
Patrick Wilson 
Salzburg Global Seminar challenges current and future leaders to solve problems of global concern. Our dedicated team at Salzburg Global share in this mission, not only by leading programs in Salzburg, but also by partnering with other globally-conscious organizations and facilitating events across the world. Singapore Founded by three young Harvard men as place for fresh intellectual exchange, Salzburg Global Seminar has long been engaged in issues surrounding the future of education. In this vein, President Stephen L. Salyer visited Singapore for the first International Liberal Education Symposium, hosted by Yale-NUS College at its new permanent campus in the city-state. The event brought together more than 30 global education leaders to discuss the future of international higher education and dialogue on obstacles and trends in education in an increasingly interconnected world. Hong Kong Salzburg Global’s long-running program Philanthropy and Social Investment entered a new phase in 2015 in anticipation of the adoption of new climate change goals, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the funding needed to support these new initiatives. Marking the start of this new phase, Vice President and Chief Program Officer Clare Shine together with US Development Director Andrew Ho travelled to Hong Kong for the session Philanthropy in the Global Age.  The session was co-convened with The Global Friends, a consortium of global philanthropists leading values-driven social innovation, and focused on the philanthropic innovation needed to support transition to a climate-balanced economy and foster US-China collaboration to this end. Gwangju and Seoul, Korea Building on our work with the Salzburg Global Forum for Young Cultural Innovators (YCI Forum), Program Director for Culture and the Arts Susanna Seidl-Fox travelled to Gwangju, Korea for the Asia-Europe Foundation’s conference Cities: Labs for Culture? Seidl-Fox, who has been leading programs on culture and the arts at Salzburg Global for almost 20 years, moderated a panel focusing on leadership in the cultural sector. She also met with creatives and cultural leaders in Seoul at the World Culture Open, a network which invites people to engage in intercultural exchange and collaboration. While in the capital, Seidl-Fox was also able to attend a gathering of local YCI Fellows from the Seoul hub. Florence, Italy Intercultural exchange and conflict transformation were also key themes for Susanna Seidl-Fox when she traveled to Florence, Italy, to discuss the pressing need for Western societies and global Muslim communities to build comprehension and communication. New York University’s John Brademas Center for the Study of Congress brought together 20 artists, conveners, practitioners, and funders to identify opportunities for positive action and collaboration. Seidl-Fox brought insights from the 2014 session Conflict Transformation Through Culture: Peace-Building and the Arts and discussed the need to promote capacity-building in the Middle East-North Africa region. Minsk, Belarus Program Director Charles E. Ehrlich furthered Salzburg Global’s conflict transformation work when he traveled to Belarus to speak at the International University on Conflict Transformation in Minsk – an apt location, as the city had recently hosted the OSCE-led Russian-Ukrainian peace talks. Ehrlich presented two topics drawn from his own professional experiences in Kosovo and Catalonia, examining the causes of disputes, reconciliation, and lessons learned for peaceful transformation. The program brought together young professionals from Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, and Georgia, including Russian-occupied territories (Abkhazia and South Ossetia), to look beyond regional conflicts and frame constructive dialogue for exchanging new ideas. Berlin, Germany Drawing on her own professional background in biodiversity and climate and water issues, as well as Salzburg Global’s own extensive work in the fields of international trade, governance, transboundary cooperation, and conflict prevention, Salzburg Global Vice President and Chief Program Officer Clare Shine moderated a discussion entitled (Mis)understanding of Climate – China, India, and the EU at the Public Diplomacy Forum in Berlin, Germany. The event was hosted by the Charhar Institute, Clingendael Institute, and ifa, and supported by Robert Bosch Stiftung.  Cape Town, South Africa Red Bull’s Amaphiko project is a founding partner of the YCI Forum. Through this partnership, Vice President and Chief Program Officer Clare Shine was invited to Cape Town, South Africa to speak at the Red Bull Amaphiko Academy, a launch-pad event for grassroots social innovators and entrepreneurs who are making a positive difference in their community. As well as strengthening the Red Bull Amaphiko partnership, Shine also acted as a talent scout, meeting STEM education innovator Varaidzo Mureriwa and inviting her to participate in Untapped Talent: Can Better Testing and Data Accelerate Creativity in Learning and Societies? WANT TO HOST A SALZBURG GLOBAL FELLOWSHIP EVENT IN YOUR CITY? To find out when Salzburg Global Seminar staff might be in your city and to inquire about hosting a local Salzburg Global Fellowship event, contact Salzburg Global Fellowship Manager Jan Heinecke: fellowship@SalzburgGlobal.org 
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Salzburg Global Fellow Updates - August and September 2015
Salzburg Global Fellow Updates - August and September 2015
Jan Heinecke 
Starting in 2015, we bring you the highlights from the Salzburg Global Fellowship. Have you got some news - a new book, a promotion, a call for grant proposals - that you'd like to share with the Salzburg Global Fellowship? Email Salzburg Global Seminar Fellowship Manager Jan Heinecke. Three Salzburg Global Fellows guest-edited the September edition of Alliance magazine - For philanthropy and social investment worldwide. While Maria Chertok and Attalah Kuttab recently discussed Value(s) for Money? in Salzburg, Natasha Matic participated in the Global Philanthropy Collaborative in 2012. Read one article for free and get your copy of the September edition here. By the way, all Salzburg Global Fellows are entitled to a discount on subscriptions to Alliance magazine! Arne Dietrich earlier this year participated in Session 547 - The Neuroscience of Art: What are the Sources of Creativity. Many issues that were addressed during the Session will be tackled in Arne's recently published book "How Creativity Happens in the Brain". Session Co-Chair Gary Vikan reviewed it and comes to the conclusion: "Arne Dietrich's new, groundbreaking book is a welcome, bracing plunge into the icy waters of clear thinking". Interested? You can get the book online here. Naila Farouky, also a Fellow of last year's Session 530 - Value(s) for Money? Philanthropy as a Catalyst for Social and Financial Transformation, published her first children's book in August. "I Will Not" was written in the context of the violence in Gaza last year. Farouky's poem became a picture book, illustrated by Israeli artist Ora Eitan, and the publication, which is avaliable online, contains versions in English, Hebrew and Arabic. Yousef T. Jabareen, Fellow of Session 537 - Students at the Margins and the Institutions that Serve Them, was elected as member of the Knesset, Israel’s parliament, already last March. He was elected with the Joint Arab List, which is supported mainly by the Arab-Palestinian minority in Israel, that gained 13 seats in total. Jabareen says that his participation and training at Salzburg Global Seminar provided him with unique experiences and tools to succeed in his career. "I focus on international law and minority rights", Jabareen says, "and after a few years of research and teaching in academic institutions, I decided to pursue a public career in order to devote my knowledge and experience to work to enhance equality between Arab and Jewish citizens in Israel and specifically to advance the minority and indigenous rights of the Arab-Palestinian community in Israel.” Interested in global trade? Ricardo Meléndez-Ortiz participated in several Salzburg Global programs, most recently in Session 533 - New Dynamics in Global Trade Architecture. He is the Principal Convener of the E15Initiative which aims at "strengthening the global trade and investment system for sustainable development". Make sure to check for their upcoming events! Another Fellow of Session 533, Carlos Primo Braga, is also engaged with the initiative and published a blog post recently, which is entitled: "World trade: Have we reached peak globalisation?".  Epic Arts Cambodia, the organization of our Cambodian Young Cultural Innovator Sokny Onn, is currently launching the "Creative Schools Cambodia" initiative, which aims to raise awareness about disabilities among Cambodian school kids by bringing them together with disabled arts leaders. Epic Arts is currently running a crowdfunding campaign to raise money in order to provide dancing and arts lessons to up to 300 children. If you want to support the initiative, you can find more information here. Marc Aurel Schnabel, Fellow of Session 427 - Architecture and Public Life, has become the new Programme Director of the School of Architecture, Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand. "Our built environment is something we all can relate to and which influences us in our daily activities," Marc Aurel says, adding also: "Subsequently it is very important to offer a design lead education within its professional context to positively influence the current and future architecture and urban realm through Design Research. The interactions of Session 427 relate very closely to the spirit in which I am leading the School to novel avenues."
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Ecosystems Of Philanthropy
Ecosystems Of Philanthropy
Louise Hallman and Nancy Smith 
Ecosystems are complex. They incorporate living organisms like plants, nonliving components such as water, and the complex interactions between these different elements which have varying impacts upon each other. Removal or expansion of one part of an ecosystem can have deep impacts on others; small tweaks or introductions of new elements can have long-term, unexpected (and possibly unwanted) consequences. If we were to imagine the “ecosystem” of philanthropy for social change – also arguably a complex system – what would we see? A simple flow chart? A forest? An octopus?! (Yes, an octopus – read on…) In March 2014, Salzburg Global Seminar and Hivos convened 45 experts from philanthropy, finance, international policy, research, and social activism to examine urgent questions related to channeling more money toward social transformation, and to do so in ways that maximize the positive impact of those monies. The Salzburg Global Fellows were asked to expand their (eco)systems thinking beyond philanthropic funding and identify core elements of a healthier and more balanced ecosystem that could enable and support social transformation. Just as the participants came from many different backgrounds from across the philanthropic spectrum, so too were the ecosystem models distinct and varied. One could see the system of philanthropy or social change in the form of a flow chart, with funds flowing into different mechanisms that align and work together to the same goal. But given the complexity of ecosystems – and that of philanthropy for social change – some considered this overly simplistic. Some of the participants were inspired to envision philanthropy for social change as an octopus with the potential to be both beautiful and beastly, with the tentacles representing the multiple forms of funding available to propel social change forward: foundations, market-based philanthropy, impact investing, government aid, etc. Currently, each “tentacle” of funding acts relatively independently of the others; they may be unaware of what the others are doing or even fighting each other, pulling in different directions. An octopus has the ability to both adapt to and obscure its surroundings. Highly intelligent and well-meaning at first sight, it can move unexpectedly and act ruthlessly. If the octopus’ tentacles continue to pull in different directions, the whole animal (representative of the progress of social change) will remain confused and ineffectual. But, if the values of deep social transformation can be absorbed into its central intelligence system, there is a chance that the octopus can “tame” its tentacles, apply its considerable skills for good, and advance social change. Only when the octopus’ tentacles work together in concert can the beautiful beast move forward and, in turn, positively impact its surroundings. Admittedly, the octopus in itself is not an ecosystem; it remains a small creature in the vast ocean of global finance, but it is able to have more effect on its surroundings than its size would otherwise suggest – an analogy many in Salzburg felt apt for philanthropy for social change. One could build a more expansive vision of the ecosystem of philanthropy by imagining one of the most complex natural ecosystems: a forest. Forests have a diversity of vegetation: towering trees – long-term programs that run for decades and are not cut down or expected to offer a “return on investment” before reaching maturation; mid-canopy trees that do not have as long life spans but are still given time to grow before being harvested, providing returns on investment; and young seedlings that have only just been planted or sprung from the fruits of other efforts. The diversity of trees (programs) is vital for social change, and so these programs of varying growth periods are also of varying “species”: single-issues programs that grow quite independently of the surrounding plants; wide-ranging programs with branches that help prop up other organizations, providing fruit that sprout other trees and offering leafy nourishment (advice and experience) to saplings (but there is a risk they grow too large and absorb the funds or obscure the work of their smaller counterparts); and vines that cling to larger programs. There are the “evergreen” programs that run continually, and those that lie dormant before springing back into action at the appropriate time. All these trees need nourishment – and here water is money. Without the rain (money), programs can shrivel and die; but an unexpected deluge can have a negative impact, with programs unable to respond quickly enough to make best use of the funds and at risk of being drowned out. Some plants need more water than others, some conserve and store water better than others, and some trees transpire moisture (money) back into the atmosphere to be recycled and rained down again elsewhere (i.e. impact investing). As in a real forest, not all of these trees will survive. In addition to well-funded “healthy” programs, the forest is also home to deadwood – programs that have been part-funded but abandoned or unsuccessful – and quick growing trees that are expected to produce a speedy return before they’ve had chance to properly leaf. After all, this forest of programs has been planted by different people, at different times, and for different purposes. Some programs will be planted by small NGOs and watered by teams of crowdfunders; some will be planted by large foundations that regularly “rain money” but leave the arboriculture to the NGOs; some are planted with the expectation of producing fruit that will sprout other programs. Some programs will prove to be “invasive species” (often planted by well-meaning but misdirected or mistrusted donors), planted in areas that do not want or need these programs, possibly displacing community-appropriate programs or other natural inhabitants. Despite these analogies, questions still abound. For the octopus, how should the values of social transformation be fed into it and by whom? If the multiple tentacles cannot be “tamed,” can we afford to cut one off and allow something else to grow in its place? In the philanthropy forest, if money is rain, where did the water come from in the first place? How do we introduce more money into the system in a healthy, sustainable manner? And how can we be sure that the programs we plant and nourish are contributing to social transformation and not just superficial, short-term change? How do we measure the value we have as philanthropists?  The Salzburg Global–Hivos program was intended to extend current thinking and catalyze new thinking about the role of philanthropy in supporting transformation, and the role of money in particular. Michael Edwards, in his think piece Beauty and the Beast: Can Money Ever Foster Social Transformation? (provided as the starting point for discussions at the session) contends that the current funding “system” for social transformation is out of balance: too much emphasis is placed on, and too many resources channeled to, a few select approaches while others – arguably those that are more “democratic” in nature, and in which “success” is less tied to financial/market outcomes – are increasingly eschewed. Identifying the core elements of a healthy system may help us to increase the ability of philanthropy, and money in particular, to support social transformation, and help the diverse – and sometimes divisive – actors and approaches to understand how they can work together more effectively towards shared goals. A longer version of this article was first published in the September 2014 edition of Alliance magazine: www.alliancemagazine.org Salzburg Global Fellows are eligible for a 20% discount on subscriptions to Alliance. Email press@SalzburgGlobal.org for details.
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Salzburg Global Fellow Updates: March 2015
Salzburg Global Fellow Updates: March 2015
Jan Heinecke 
Starting in 2015, every month we bring you the highlights from the Salzburg Global Fellowship. Have you got some news - a new book, a promotion, a call for grant proposals - that you'd like to share with the Salzburg Global Fellowship? Email Salzburg Global Seminar Fellowship Manager Jan Heinecke. Alexandra Glavanakova, Fellow of the Salzburg Seminar American Studies Association (SSASA) Session 09, Resistance and Readiness: Immigration, Nativism and the Challenge of Ethnic and Religious Diversity in the US and Europe Today and ASC Session 29 The Continuing Challenge of America's Ethnic Pluralism, has published a book Posthuman Transformations: Bodies and Texts in Cyberspace. Sofia: Sofia University Press. 2014. ISBN 978-954-07-3869-7, which explores the re/positioning of the human body and the evolution of the textual body in technological culture. Through the examination of a selection of fictional texts - both print and computer-mediated - an extensive account of the transformations of the bodies of fictional characters and the actual reader in interaction with/(in) cyberspace is presented. The book is interdisciplinary - at the crossroads of posthumanism, postmodern literary theory, phenomenology and the philosophy of technology. The author seeks to answer the interrelated questions: How is the human body imagined in print and computer-mediated fictional texts? What is the body’s role in redefining the human in technological culture?   Kiyotaka Morita, Fellow of Session 533 | New Dynamics in Global Trade Architecture: WTO, G20 and Regional Trade Agreements contributed the article Legal Aspects of the of the Emissions Trading Scheme based on "Cap and Trade" to the “Hitotsubashi Journal of Law and Politics”, an academic journal published annually by his alma mater, Hitotsubashi University. Clio Muse, the startup founded by Young Cultural Innovators Fellow Yiannis Nikolopoulos was awarded the first prize of the Europeana Food and Drink Open Innovation Challenge for their concept of re-using Europeana materials. Europeana is an EU funded internet portal where millions of books, paintings, films, museum objects and archival records have been digitally stored by more than 2000 institutions across Europe. Our German speaking Fellows might be interested in the new book of Andre Wilkens, who participated in Session 530 | Value(s) for Money? Philanthropy as a Catalyst for Social and Financial Transformation. "Analog ist das neue Bio" explores the implications of our every day challenges and sometimes baflement in the digital world.
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Value(s) for Money? Philanthropy as a Catalyst for Social and Financial Transformation
Value(s) for Money? Philanthropy as a Catalyst for Social and Financial Transformation
Salzburg Global Seminar 
Building on their long-standing work in philanthropic systems and role in supporting and catalyzing social change, Salzburg Global Seminar and HIVOS convened an international program to analyze current funding methods and explore ways to build a healthier funding ecosystem for social change. The program, Value(s) for Money? Philanthropy as a Catalyst for Social and Financial Transformation, was a high-level dialogue and strategic synthesis of emerging risks and trends in the funding of social transformation as explored in a provocative paper Beauty and the Beast: Can Money Ever Foster Social Transformation, by Michael Edwards, which examined the deep uncertainty in the relationship between money, power and social change. You can read more about the session in the report below:
Download the report as a PDF
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Dr. Emmett Carson Named Chair at Indiana University's School of Philanthropy
Dr. Emmett Carson Named Chair at Indiana University's School of Philanthropy
Jonathan Elbaz 
Philanthropy leader and Salzburg Global Fellow Dr. Emmett Carson has been appointed as the first Charles Stewart Mott Foundation Chair on Community Foundations at the Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy. Carson, founder and CEO of Silicon Valley Community Foundation, will visit the university throughout the year giving special lectures, developing a syllabus on philanthropy, mentoring students and conducting research. In an interview with Indiana University, Carson said, “community foundations have a vital role in addressing problems facing their local communities, and they can foster charitable giving across the globe as well. I can’t think of a better place to teach students the value of these services than the Lilly Family School of Philanthropy. I am deeply honored to be the first person to serve in this important role.” Carson attended a session earlier this year entitled "Value(s) for Money? Philanthropy as a Catalyst for Social and Financial Transformation." During the session, he spoke to Salzburg Global about the changing nature of philanthropy.
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